Semantic XHTML

In linguistics, semantics is the study of the meanings of words, phrases or systems. According to the web terminology of markup languages, semantic concerns the appropriate use of XHTML elements. To put it simple, elements should be used respecting their… Continue Reading


CSS counters

Counters are a powerful feature of generated content. Through counters we can add an automatic numbering to the elements of a web document. Thanks to the :before and :after pseudo-elements, the numbering will appear before or after the actual content… Continue Reading



In this article I’ll explain how to format a well-formed XML document by using CSS. The techniques explained below can be used to stylize an (X)HTML document as well. Table of contents Adding a style sheet to an XML document… Continue Reading


Formatting a tag cloud with CSS

In this article I’ll explain how to format a tag cloud by using CSS. Tag clouds are a semantic feature of the so-called Web 2.0. The picture below shows an example of tag cloud. Figure 1. A tag cloud The… Continue Reading


A directory listing with CSS

In this article I’ll explain how to format a directory listing by using CSS. Usually a directory listing looks as follows. Figure 1. A directory listing in Apache The markup used in the above directory listing is obsolete (HTML 3.2),… Continue Reading